Researchers and scientists globally are dedicated to the study of ways to reduce heart disease. This has become such an enormous concern because one in every four men and women die of a heart attack, which makes heart attacks the leading cause of death for both the genders. In the United States in every 42 seconds, a person has a heart attack and each minute a person dies of a heart attack. With the facts being out in the open, the real news is this real disease has many ways to be prevented, however before we talk about prevention, we must understand the scientific technicalities that lead to heart diseases and heart attacks in the first place.
Causes of Heart Diseases
Heart attack is a multi-factorial condition. The factors that contribute towards heart diseases are;
- Old age
- Family history/genetics
- Smoking etc
These factors, one or combined can lead to the spasm or blockage of the coronary arteries (vessel supplying blood to the heart) which lead to a sudden loss of blood flow to the heart, which further leads to ischemia also known as decreased oxygenation of the heart. In the next few minutes eventually leads to the death of a particular part of the heart tissue, known as infarction. Hence the term MI or myocardial infarction or in layman term a heart attack.
Ways to Reduce Heart Disease Risk
With science being so immense and in-depth, human beings today are lucky to have been born in a time where doctors have the answers to almost everything. With this being said, unfortunately not every disease is curable at present; however heart disease is for sure. With fate being a great reality, what happens along the way is inevitable, but none the less like they say “Prevention is better than cure.”
Here are some helpful Tips to Reduce Heart Disease
• Weight control: when the weighing machine hits a bigger number, it doesn’t just signify that you’re overweight; it also means that you’re at a very high risk of all the sickness out there. Statistics suggest that 68.8% of adults fit the definition of obese, out of which 1 in 20 is considered extremely obese. When the numbers sound so horrendous, most people start cutting down their food and jump into strict diet plans but here are the foods that keep your heart healthy more than any diet scheme may ever.
• Managing hypertension: an increased blood pressure count is likely to cause haemorrhage or stroke. It also leads to heart attacks and deaths. While most of the diseases are associated with age, hypertension is not. It can attack anyone at any age depending on its co morbid such as cholesterol, diabetes, alcoholism, etc. therefore to manage hypertension, its co morbid must be tackled, which again results from exercising, diet control, reducing the intake of cigarettes and alcohol, etc.
• Healthy lifestyle: a healthy lifestyle is a key to a whole generation and a healthy old age. While genetics and aging are non-modifiable risk factors for heart diseases, the effect that they have on our fitness can be reduced by correcting one's way of living. Smoking, alcohol, oily food, lack of exercise, stressful environments, dehydration, anger are all elements that determine the kind of physical condition we have and may continue to have in the longer run. These components must be handled consistently and efficiently to reduce heart disease chances and extents.
• Medications: when heart-related disorders cannot be directed through all the ways mentioned above, drugs become the next best resort. More than half the population in the world is prescribed anti-hypertension and anti-epidemic medications to curb the ailments. Many people have reported having shared their concerns regarding the side effects of drugs, but doctors and researchers have assured that these medications are very helpful and must be used if prescribed, timely and persistently to avoid serious malady.
Heart Disease Symptoms
The part where health awareness has failed rests in the fact that a large number of people are unaware of when to consult a doctor and when to take the inner sensations occurring inside their body severely. Many people often find it difficult to distinguish between a gastric pain and a heart pain.
- Severe Chest pain
- Pain radiating to the left hand and jaw
- Nausea or vomiting
Some cases such as diabetic patients can experience the following:
- Epigastric pain or no pain at all
Heart Disease Prevention Diet
The word “diet” scares most foodies off; nevertheless, it’s an integral part of happy living. To keep your heart merry and to pump well, while there is no best way to find out the most effective foods for your heart are some necessary things to consider.
• Low salt: salt leads to hypertension that further leads to the risk of heart disease. Hence keeping a little salt count in the daily meal plan can prevent high blood pressure
• Green vegetables: vegetables are antioxidants that cater to the cholesterol of the body.
• Fish and other high protein foods: grilled fish has a low-fat rate and is very high in protein, which makes a very wholesome and nutritious meal for not just heart patients but everyone who wants to stay fit
• Grilled food: grilled automatically suggests that the food has no or very less oil. Oil adds fat to the food that triggers the entire cycle of diseases.
Chocolate and the Heart
Saving best for the last is what makes the story successful because perhaps all is well that ends well. Chocolate has many relations to the heart, with the top most being making the heart happy. They say, there’s nothing in the world that chocolate can’t fix and what I’m to tell you are probably the best explanation for the statement. Yes! It’s true. Chocolates reduce heart disease. Cocoa that is present in all or most chocolates contains flavonoids. This nutrient has the power of antioxidants that work towards decreasing blood pressure, improving blood flow to the heart and brain and thinning blood in the body which reduces chances of blood clotting. Before you rush to the closest store to grab a bar of chocolates, keep in mind that NOT ALL chocolates are high in flavonoids. It’s the dark chocolates that have proven to contain the high content of this protein. Eating dark chocolate daily within the correct amount is likely to prevent heart disease and diabetes risk leaving your taste buds as well as your health content.
Life is a gift that must be cherished to the fullest so take good care of yourselves and remember, what you do to yourself today, will not just affect you but also you future generations because genetics can be harsh Hence, choose wisely.