Wondering about how many types of cancer exist is the world? How any type of cancer impacts your body?
Cancer is the malignant and unruly growth of the cells. It spreads devastatingly in the body and affects the well-being of the victim.
Now, What does cancer do?
All the cancers are not deadly. Their effects vary according to their type and stage. Mainly, cancer cells divide or multiply at high rate and expedite their amount. Further, some of the cells get detached from the lump and move to other areas of the body via blood stream or lymphatic system and form more lumps or tumour in other areas. In this way, it affects the whole body and traps all the functional organs in a seizing web.
Common Types of Cancer
There are many different types of cancer such as Bladder cancer, Brain cancer, Lung cancer, Breast cancer, cervical cancer, colorectal cancer, Oesophagal cancer, Kidney cancer, Liver cancer. Further types also include Leukemia Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Ovarian cancer, Skin cancer, Thyroid cancer, Uterine cancer, Thyroid cancer, vulvar cancer, Bile duct cancer, Testicular Cancer, Penile Cancer, Salivary gland cancer, eye cancer, Stomach cancer, thymus cancer, Bone cancer and the list continues.
Some have been mentioned here but in the real world, there are more than hundred types of cancer. Men, women and even kids can get affected by cancer. Authentic and complete knowledge, however, can be the saviour.
Common Cancer Types in Women
The cancer types in women found most commonly are breast cancer, skin cancer, colon cancer, cervical cancer, endometrial cancer, lung cancer and ovarian cancer along with other gynaecological cancers as vulval cancer, vaginal cancer, gestational trophoblastic disease and primary peritoneal cancer.
Women who have family history of breast cancer or any other cancer should be placed on regular screening tests for timely detection and treatment of cancer. As prevention is better than cure, keep on eating healthy and avoid ill habits of eating disorders.
Common Types of Cancer in Men
The common cancer types in men are bladder cancer, melanoma cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer and colorectal cancer.
Now, we will provide you with details about some of the top deadliest cancer in men.
1. Prostate Cancer
In men, the top most cancer risk is of prostate cancer. Many men suffer from it every year and die since it is the second most hazardous cancer found, after lung cancer. The reason behind this fact is that it spreads quietly and appears after establishing deep roots. The symptoms may include back pain, bloody urine, urine leakage and straining while passing urine. Screening should be done by age 50 or even earlier if it is denoted in the history of the family. It involves PSA test and digital rectal exam. Surgery, Chemotherapy, Radiotherapy are involved in it’s prognosis and treatment.
2. Lung Cancer
While looking at most common types of cancer, lung cancer is the most devastating cancer. It is the number one cause of death from cancer in men. The symptoms of this type of cancer are chest pain, hoarseness, noisy breathing, shortness of breath, coughing up blood or change in sputum but sometimes cancer may spread itself, even before the appearance of symptoms. Screening of lung cancer involves sputum testing for cancer cells, CT scan or Fibre optic examination of lungs through a telescope.
3. Colorectal Cancer
In the case of colorectal type cancer, it’s also common cancer in men and is third on strike rate. The symptoms of this cancer include belly pain, alteration in bowel habits, weight loss, rectal bleeding and weakness. It may spread up or appear before the visibility of symptoms. Colonoscopy is used as a screening test along with other cancer tests. Prognosis includes radiotherapy, chemotherapy or both of them. Stage 1 cancer is early cancer, having seventy-five percent survival rates. Regular exercise, healthy eating habits, screenings of cancer, no smoking and maintaining healthy body weight along with minimum use of alcohol can prevent cancer.
4. Bladder Cancer
Bladder cancer is the common type of cancer in men and its striking rate has fourth position. The symptoms of this cancer are continual need of urination and having a burning pain. However, the main symptom is passing blood through urine. There may be blood clots in urine or change in colour of the urine due to blood. The main treatment is surgery along with drug administration directly into the bladder, radio and chemotherapy. The initial stage of cancer detection has maximum survival rates. Smoking and family history of having bladder cancer are risks of this cancer.
5. Melanoma Cancer
Melanoma skin cancer is also common cancer in men. The symptoms of this cancer include moles or lumps on the skin, alteration in mole or freckle’s size, shape and colour. Further, any sores taking time in recovery, etc is a matter to be intrigued regarding this cancer. The screening of cancer can be done by properly monitoring skin regularly and more particularly, feet soles and scalp. Those with a family history should screen themselves every month. The cure and prognosis involve surgery, immunotherapy, radiotherapy and immunotherapy. The risk of cancer can be reduced by using sun block or any sunscreen while exposure to the sun can increase the harm.
Preventive Measures to Avoid Cancer
Many different types of cancer have diverse symptoms, screenings, treatment and prognosis. But care should be taken to avoid cancer as much as possible as it’s curable in some cases.
The causes of cancer may be triggered by eating imbalanced diet, having unhealthy eating habits, smoking, consuming alcohol drinks, direct exposure to secondary smoke, etc. These are some of the causes of cancer that may help defeat the disease. The family history of cancer is the most common cause of cancer. But yes, proper and continues screening may aid you to detect it at the right time and save yourself from hazardous effects. Early diagnosis will lower the impact of deterioration caused by cancer.